Osseo integration describes the process of adjoining living bone and tissue with a foreign material. For an implant treatment to be deemed a success, the titanium implant must  exhibit bone adherence and provide a certain level of mechanical stability.

Surface properties fundamentally impact the behavior of these cells, which can alter the speed of cell propagation and the mechanical stability the implant exhibits – both critical success factors in the short- and long-term success of a treatment.

plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) recent have highlighted ways to increase the speed, success and long-term viability of these treatments.